Shade in summer
- Deciduous trees to the north will shade a home in summer and provide light and winter sun in winter. They can also shade the eastern and western sides of a home.
- Tall cylindrical-shaped trees in row plantings are ideal for shading low-angle sun on the eastern and western sides of a dwelling.
- Evergreen trees on the north and west sides afford the best protection from the setting summer sun and cold winter winds.
- Take advantage of variations in mature heights of different trees/shrubs for shading walls and windows.
- Consider including courtyards sheltered by vegetation.
- Arbors along the sides of the house, attached or detached, will similarly reduce temperatures as the air movement can pass through the arbor and be cooled by evaporation at the plant's leaves. The shade created by the arbor is also beneficial. The arbor is a traditional cooling method used worldwide.